Ear Infections In Dog : Symptoms, Prevention and RemediesExotire Exotic Pet Care
Ear Infection in Dogs
If you are a dog owner, you might have come across one of the most common problems, ear infection. If your dog suddenly starts whining and scratching at her ears, or shakes its head persistently, then all these might be indications of ear infection.
There are 3 kinds of ear infections — otitis externa (outer ear infection), media (middle ear infection), and internal (inner ear infection)—affecting different parts of the canine ear. In comparison to inner and middle ear infection, it’s easier to prevent/cure an outer ear infection (usually accompanied by bad odor of the waxy discharge). It’s estimated that about 20 percent of dogs have some form of ear disease.
Some of the major reasons which lead to infection in dogs ear are :
- Improper hygiene
- Fungal growth
- Bacterial infections
- Unhealthy environment
- Food allergies
- Mite infestation
- Liver balance
- Neck injury (trauma, collars)
- Lumbar injury, which affects the intestinal tract and thus the ears
- Too much ear cleaning is a very frequent mistake
- Too frequent treatment like repeated drug administration causes bacterial resistance and severe deep infections
- Wax buildup
It’s a common belief that cleaning ears wax will help. In fact, frequent ear cleaning often disturbs the ears and also introduces more resistant pathogenic bacteria, such as proteus or pseudomonas. If you clean it out over and over, dog will slide into a vicious cycle of never ending ear problems. The only recommend time for cleaning is once at the beginning of the treatment and then wait and see.
Symptoms of Dog Ear Infections
Dog ear canals are very sensitive, so the symptoms of infection includes :
- Head shaking
- Scaly skin
- Whining and pawing at the affected ear
- Dark, smelly discharge
- Redness and swelling
Prevent Ear Infections in Dogs
As with most diseases, prevention is always best.
- Make sure that ears are fully dry after swimming/bating, use cotton balls for this purpose.
- Fill the canal with a cleaning solution and massage the vertical ear canal from the outside. Wipe out the canal, avoid use of paper towels or cotton for this purpose as it leaves fibers behind, which could cause an irritation.
- Cotton-tipped sticks can be used in cleaning the folds of ear flap, but don’t use them in the ear canal.
To help your dog overcome this problem, here are some diagnosis method which can be used.
Consult A Vet
Vet will thoroughly cleans your dog’s ear and will prescribe a topical medication or systemic antibiotics, that will probably need to continue at home. They will likely also prescribe something for pain, or steroids to ease inflammation. Lapses in treatment leads to recurrence. It’s important to complete the full course of medication, even if it appears to be cured.
- Garlic With Olive Oil :- Steep 2 garlic cloves in olive oil. Let the mixture sit for 2 weeks then, strain it. Pour 2-3 drops of the mixture in the pet’s ear on daily basis until the infection heals fully.
- Warm Water :- Soak a towel in hot water. Squeeze the excess water. Hold and press gently on dog’s ear. Repeat this remedy several times a day for the best results.
- Aloe Vera Gel :- Warm some aloe vera gel. Pour 1 teaspoon in each ear of the dog. This helps to cure redness or irritation in the ear.
- Herbal Flea Powder :- After a bath, sprinkle herbal flea powder that contains pennyroyal powder, eucalyptus, rue, wormwood, and rosemary, on the dog’s body. It will remove the mites clinging to the pet.
- Probiotic Yogurt :- Apply a small amount of organic probiotic yogurt (must have active probiotic bacteria) to the ear. Rub well. This is one of the best natural remedy for yeast infections.
- Maintain good hygiene.
- Groom your dog frequently to reduce the risk of ear infection.
- Check your dog’s ears for twigs, leaves and other foreign objects.
- Give Vitamin C to your dog.
- Cut all the hair growing in the ear canal, which increases the risk of infection.
- Avoid use medications without consulting a vet.